Biotechnology Research Institute
- One high yielding and rust resistant wheat variety Ufaq-2002 was developed through somaclonal variation and approved for general cultivation in the irrigated areas of Punjab province.
- Sugarcane variety HSF-242 was made red rot resistant through somaclonal variation in collaboration with Sugarcane Research Institute and was approved for general cultivation during 2007. Developed red rot resistant somaclones from their susceptible parents S97US297 and SPSG-394.
- About 0.1 million micro-propagated plantlets and 0.75 million kg disease free seed of sugarcane was produced and disseminated to the farmers.
- About 2000 doubled haploid plants of wheat were produced and handed over to Wheat Research Institute and Barani Agriculture Research Institute for rapid varietal evolution.
- Molecular characterization of rice (71 genotypes), sugarcane (80 genotypes), cotton (95 genotypes), Olive, Brassica and wheat (60 genotypes) germplasm was accomplished using RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) and SSR (Simple Sequence Repeats) techniques.
- DNA marker assisted breeding for rusts in wheat is practiced using published molecular markers and identification of DNA markers for yellow and brown rusts is underway.
- Molecular breeding in rice for the development of BLB resistant varieties.
- Rhizobial inocula increased crop yield by 5-35% depending upon crop specific conditions.
- Use of PGPR as biofertilizers enhanced cereals yields by 5-15% in field and pot trials conducted at various locations.
- Phosphobacterium (PSM) increased P-use efficiency to noticeable amount and yielded significantly higher grains.