(a) Standardization of farm water control structures:
This institute has standardized cost effective farm water control structures for safe disposal of surplus runoff water from upper to lower field without erosion. Due to loose stone nature, these are affordable for the farmers from their own resources and about ten times cheaper than conventional masonry structures.
(b) Management of gullied land without leveling by bulldozer:
Bulldozer leveling involves huge expenses and buries top fertile soil. The package of technology is being standardized for growing fruit plants in gullied areas without leveling. The fruit plants of bloodred, phalsa, sweet lime, Chinese lemon, olive, peach, etc. have been planted at gullied/eroded lands at farmers’ fields to study their performance of these species in gullied land.
(c) Use of stored rainwater for high value crops
Water is a very expensive input and is being used for arable cropping. A technology is being developed to use stored rainwater for high value fruit plants i.e. orange, vegetables.
(d) Moisture conservation:
Addition of gypsum, production of organic matter, providing cover with legumes crops and mulch in-situ proved to be very useful to conserve moisture received during monsoon. The use of gypsum has shown substantial improvements in wheat production. Among cover crops sesbania and guar green manures alongwith deep ploughing produced higher grain yield of wheat.